What Is An Ectopic Pregnancy?

Ectopic Pregnancy

 

 

An Ectopic Pregnancy is a condition in which a fertilized egg implants and grows outside of the uterus like fallopian tube, the ovaries, belly and lower parts of cervix which is above the vagina. In 90 % of cases, the egg attaches in a fallopian tube. This is called a tubal pregnancy.

 

An Ectopic Pregnancy can become life threatening, especially when fallopian tube breaks and it causes severe bleeding, infection and some time death. An Ectopic Pregnancy need treatment to reduces the risk of complications from the ectopic pregnancy, increase patient chances for future, healthy pregnancy and reduces future health complications.

 

In normal pregnancy, the fertilized egg travels from the fallopian tube to the uterus where it implants and grows. But in ectopic pregnancy the fertilized egg gets stuck in the fallopian tube and starts growing there in tube.

 

Ectopic Pregnancy

 

 

Causes And Risk Factor.

 

The exact causes of ectopic pregnancy are not always clear but there are several factors that may increase the risk. They are given below:-

 

— Inflammation and scarring of the fallopian tube.

 

— Hormonal dis balance.

 

— Genetic abnormalities.

 

— Birth defects.

 

— Tubal surgery.

 

— Intrauterine surgery.

 

— Smoking.

 

— Previous ectopic pregnancy.

 

— Age greater than 35 years and less than 18 years.

 

— Having more than one partner.

 

— Fertility treatment such as in vitro fertilization ( IVF ).

 

— A history of pelvic inflammatory disease ( PID ).

 

— A History of infertility.

 

— Endometriosis

 

— Use of intrauterine device ( IUDs ).

 

Symptoms.

 

The symptoms of ectopic pregnancy can vary from woman to woman but the most common symptom are given below:-

 

— Vaginal bleeding

 

— Pain in lower abdomen, pelvis and back

 

— Dizziness

 

— Weakness

 

— Upset stomach and vomiting.

 

— Show belly cramps.

 

 

— Light to heavy vaginal spotting or bleeding.

 

— Rectal pressure.

 

— Shoulder pain.

 

 Diagnosis An Ectopic Pregnancy.

 

Diagnosing an ectopic pregnancy by following methods:-

 

Medical history:- Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms, medical history, and any medications you are taking.

 

Physical examination:- Your doctor will perform a physical exam, including a pelvic exam to check for any abnormalities in the reproductive organs.

 

Pregnancy test:- A pregnancy test will be performed to confirm if you are pregnant or not.

 

Transvaginal ultrasound:- This is a type of ultrasound that uses a small wand-shaped device inserted into the vagina to create images of the uterus and fallopian tubes.

 

Blood tests:- A blood test may be done to measure the levels of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), which is produced during pregnancy. Low levels of hCG or a slow rise in hCG levels may indicate an ectopic pregnancy.

 

If ectopic pregnancy is suspected, your doctor may order immediate medical intervention as this is a serious condition that requires prompt treatment to avoid complications.

 

 

FAQs.

 

Q) What are the 3 signs of ectopic pregnancy?

The main 3 signs of ectopic pregnancy are:-

1) A miss periods.

2) Tummy pain.

3) Vaginal bleeding.

 

Q) Can ectopic pregnancy deliver a baby ?

No, ectopic pregnancy can’t deliver a baby because an ectopic pregnancy can’t move in uterus.

 

Q) How do i  know if am having an ectopic pregnancy?

An Ectopic Pregnancy can seem like normal pregnancy in beginning but ectopic pregnancy have severe Lower belly pain on one side vaginal bleeding or spotting.

 

Q) what happens if a woman has an ectopic pregnancy?

When a woman has an ectopic pregnancy, the pregnancy grows it can cause the brust of fallopian tube. A ruptured can cause major internal bleeding.

 

Q) How is ectopic pregnancy removed?

An Ectopic Pregnancy removed by the laproscopic procedure. In a salpingostomy the ectopic pregnancy is removed and the tube left to heal on its own.

 

salpingostomy the ectopic pregnancy

 

 

Q) What is the main cause of ectopic pregnancy?

The main cause of ectopic pregnancy is, whena fertilized egg gets stuck on it’s way to the uterus often because the fallopian tube is damaged by inflammation or is misshapen. The other region of ectopic pregnancy is hormonal imbalances or abnormal development of the fertilized egg.

 

Q) Does ectopic pregnancy test positive?

Yes, an ectopic pregnancy test is positive because it produce the HCG hormone.

 

Q) How long can ectopic pregnancy last?

6 week to 16 weeks is last to ectopic pregnancy because it cause the brust fallopian tube.

 

Q) How soon can confirm an ectopic pregnancy?

An Ectopic Pregnancy confirm at about 4 week to six weeks.

 

Q) Does an ectopic pregnancy need to be removed?

Yes, ectopic pregnancy need to be removed before it grows to large

 

Q) Is ectopic pregnancy a miscarriage?

An ectopic embryo will not survive and the pregnancy will miscarriage.

 

Q) Who is the risk for ectopic pregnancy?

All sexually active woman are at risk for an ectopic pregnancy. The risk factor increase with any of the following:-

— Maternal age of 35 years or older.

— History of pelvis surgery.

— Multiple abortion.

 

Q) Can see an ectopic pregnancy an ultrasound?

Yes, an ectopic pregnancy is usually diagnosed by carrying out a transvaginal ultrasound scan.

 

Q) Is it easy to get pregnant after ectopic pregnancy?

The chance of having successful pregnancy are very good and 65 % of women are healthy pregnant within 18 months of an ectopic pregnancy. Some studies suggest this figure rise to 85% over two years.

 

 

https://www.radiologystar.com/2d-ultrasound/

 

 

https://www.radiologystar.com/3d-ultrasound/

 

BOOK LINK :- Examination Review for Ultrasound: Abdomen and Obstetrics & Gynecology

 

 

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